when was psalm 138 written


Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. The reference here is to the promises of God, and especially to the promise which God had made to David that the Messiah would descend from him. All the kings of the earth shall praise thee, O LORD, when they hear the words of thy mouth. Against the wrath of mine enemies ... - In reference to all their attempts to destroy me. It does not mean here that he has any special favor toward them, but merely that he sees them. ( Log Out /  "[6] However, this does not diminish the propriety of understanding these as the words of David. This is the first of a series of eight psalms Ps. Yea, they shall sing of the ways of Jehovah; For though Jehovah is high, yet hath he respect unto the lowly; "All the kings of the earth shall give thee thanks" (Psalms 138:4). The psalm does not admit of any particular analysis. One of David’s psalms, Psalm 138 is so encouraging and inspiring. The most lofty on earth shall acknowledge that there is one who is more exalted than they are, and their own dignity and splendor shall thus contribute to deepen the impression of the honor and glory of God. This is David saying he has a personal connection with God. Pingback: Work of His Hands | Mark's Bible Study. Beyond all question there are higher and clearer manifestations of himself, of his being, of his perfection, of his purposes, in the volume of revelation, than any which his works have disclosed or can disclose. Burns' Highland Mary," so much admired, and his "When wild War's deadly blast was blown," a poem which no one can read without tears - with not a few others of his, are of this description. Gordon Churchyard. Thy mercy, O Lord, endureth for ever - See the notes at Psalm 136:1. The "gods" here are such persons as rulers, magistrates and other earthly authorities, many of whom deport themselves "as if they were gods." Finding the new version too difficult to understand? All other rights reserved. These psalms were probably grouped by whoever did the editing and grouping of the psalms into the form we know today. Prayer is one of the means - and an essential means - by which the saints are to be kept unto salvation. I guess I have started to look at them as a journey through David’s life. THANKSGIVING FOR THE LORD'S LOVINGKINDNESS. Thou wilt meet their wrath by thy power, and I shall be safe. "In the day that I called, thou answeredst me" (Psalms 138:3). A word list at the end explains the other words that have a *star by them. Outside of Books One and… "[4] It is considerations such as this that strongly favor the superscription's ascription of this psalm to David. He knoweth afar off - From afar. Compare Psalm 19:1-14. [8] In our opinion, scholars have been at times very careless with their emendation. "Jehovah will perfect that which concerneth me" (Psalms 138:8). "Great is the glory of Jehovah" (Psalms 138:5). It was evidently written in view of trouble Psalm 138:3, Psalm 138:7, and it expresses confidence that God would interpose in the future in behalf of the author, as he had done in the past; and it is, therefore, adapted to inspire confidence and hope in all who are called to pass through scenes of trial. Of course, critics go wild about things like this, although they should be familiar with the fact that shifts of this kind are common in the Bible. The doctrine of the "perseverance of the saints." Words in boxes are from the Bible. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. The meaning is, Thou wilt give me life - vigor - strength - to bear the trouble. 76, 85, 89.). Psalm 138 is one of the most encouraging psalms. Which psalms were not written by David? It is simply inconceivable that the psalmist was here speaking of idols. Dahood rendered "I walk" here as "I march," indicating that the context is military. Two (139, 140) are “for the director of music” which may indicate that they were written after he went to Jerusalem, three (141, 143, 145) are identified as a “psalm of David”, and Psalms 138 and 144 are just “of David.”. Before the gods will I sing praise unto thee - The idols; all idols; in preference to them all. And for thy truth - Thy truthfulness; thy faithfulness to thy promises. The implication here is undeniable that the thanksgiving of all the kings of the earth is here predicated upon their hearing of how God had answered the psalmist's prayer. Yet hath he respect unto the lowly - Those in humble life; the obscure; the unknown. Learn how your comment data is processed. "Having thanked God for a military victory, the psalmist ends the hymn with a prayer for protection on future military expeditions."[10]. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. There are very many points in relation to God, of the highest interest to mankind, on which the disclosures of science shed no light; there are many things which it is desirable for man to know, which calmer be learned in the schools of philosophy; there are consolations which man needs in a world of trouble which cannot be found in nature; there is especially a knowledge of the method by which sin may be pardoned, and the soul saved, which can never be disclosed by the blow-pipe, the telescope, or the microscope. Psalm 138 to 145 This group of psalms (138 to 145) has recently got my attention. Hence, David feels sure that God will not overlook him. For a further discussion of this secondary use of the term "gods," see the chapter introduction to Psalms 82 (above). Distance from him is no protection for them; nor can the wicked hope to escape notice from the fact that God reigns over distant worlds. But if the individual were a king himself, such a hope is possible. "This refers to a time, of which frequent prophetic mention is made in the Scriptures. The occasion on which this psalm was composed cannot now be determined. And praise thy name for thy loving-kindness - Praise thee for thy benignity; thy mercy; thy benevolence. A Psalm of David. Yea, they shall sing in the ways of the LORD: for great. Other than that, it is impossible to determine exactly the occasion of it. It is rare that the works of an author, especially a poet, are collected and published, and that things of this kind - fugitive and occasional pieces - are not subsequently found; nor is it very unusual that such pieces may, after all, be among the most tender, touching, and beautiful of his compositions. Compare Isaiah 42:21. Psa 139:2 You know when I sit down and when I rise up; you discern my thoughts from afar. Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. "Though I walk in the midst of trouble, thou wilt revive me; Thou wilt stretch forth thy hands against the wrath of mine enemies. The first verse or two in each of these Psalms give you a good idea of why they were written. This sets David apart from others. Though I walk in the midst of trouble, thou wilt revive me: thou shalt stretch forth thine hand against the wrath of mine enemies, and thy right hand shall save me. Psalm 138 could have been after Samuel anointed him and they go to Psalm 145 that has the sound of an older mature king who is looking back at his life and wanting his people to look ahead to the life and purpose in God. Other than that, it is impossible to determine exactly the occasion of it. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The psalm does not admit of any particular analysis. Change ). For they have heard the words of thy mouth. By "emending" (that means changing) the text Briggs "corrected" this usage of persons. Psalm 30:3. This does not mean that he would do this in the presence of other gods; but that Yahweh should be acknowledged to be God in preference to any or all of them. The word name here would refer properly to all that God had done to make himself known - since it is by the name that we designate or distinguish anyone; and, thus understood, the meaning would be, that the word of God - the revelation which he has made of himself and of his gracious purposes to mankind - is superior in clearness, and in importance, to all the other manifestations which he has made of himself; all that can be known of him in his works. Barnes understood Psalms 138:4 here as prophetic. For thou hast magnified thy word - Thou hast made it great. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". Thou shalt stretch forth thine hand - As one does when he is about to inflict a blow. 138-145, placed together in this part of the book, and ascribed to David. Written by David, a man after God’s own heart, Psalm 138 is filled with some amazing truths. 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